Carbohydrates in Supramolecular Chemistry
Martina Delbianco, Priya Bharate, Silvia Varela-Aramburu, and Peter H. Seeberger – 2016
Carbohydrates are involved in a variety of biological processes. The ability of sugars to form a large number of hydrogen bonds has made them important components for supramolecular chemistry. We discuss recent advances in the use of carbohydrates in supramolecular chemistry and reveal that carbohydrates are useful building blocks for the stabilization of complex architectures. Systems are presented according to the scaffold that supports the glyco-conjugate: organic macrocycles, dendrimers, nanomaterials, and polymers are considered. Glyco-conjugates can form host–guest complexes, and can self-assemble by using carbohydrate–carbohydrate interactions and other weak interactions such as π–π interactions. Finally, complex supramolecular architectures based on carbohydrate–protein interactions are discussed.