Inhibition of key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis by C6-Se modified N-acetylmannosamine analogs
Olaia Nieto-Garcia, Paul R. Wratil, Long D. Nguyen, Verena Böhrsch, Stephan Hinderlich, Werner Reutter and Christian P. R. Hackenberger – 2016
Synthetically accessible C6-analogs of N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) were tested as potential inhibitors of the bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE/MNK), the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis. Enzymatic experiments revealed that the modification introduced at the C6 saccharide position strongly influences the inhibitory potency. A C6-ManNAc diselenide dimer showed the strongest kinase inhibition in the low μM range among all the substrates tested and successfully reduced cell surface sialylation in Jurkat cells.