Nanostructured surfaces play an important role in modern science and technology. In particular, ordered arrangements of nonclose-packed nanoparticles created by self-assembly offer a versatile route to prepare systems, which can be used in various applications such as sensing, plasmonic devices or antireflection coatings. Self-assembly based systems are particularly appealing as preparation is rather simple. The ability of nanoparticle systems to form nonclosed packed monolayers by self-assembly depends on the balance of various energetic contributions in particular the adsorption energy, the lateral barrier for diffusion and the repulsion between particles. Even for simple model systems such as the monodispersed silica particles adsorbed on a bare gold surface investigated here, none of these quantities is easy to determine experimentally. To this end, we will report on a detailed characterization of the adsorption in particular with respect to the structural properties of the above-mentioned model system. Based on experimental results obtained by using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) it is possible to determine the electrostatic pair potential from the lateral arrangement of the nano particles in the limit of low coverage.