Identifying Multivalent Binding Kinetics of Precision Glycomacromolecules: A Kinetic Study Using kinITC
Sinaida Igde, Hendrik Wölk, Susanna Röblitz, Marco Reidelbach, Marcus Weber, Laura Hartmann – 2015
Multivalent sugar/protein interactions are well-known to proceed through different binding modes 1-5 which in turn can be described by their binding kinetics 3-5. This study provides additional insight into the association and dissociation reaction rates of complex multivalent sugar/protein interactions. Binding kinetics of recently introduced multivalent precision glycomacromolecules 6-8 to Concanavalin A (Con A) were studied by " kinetic Isothermal Titration Calorimetry " (kinITC) 9-11. The effect of multivalency is evaluated by comparing rate constants of glycomacromolecules obtaining the same and different valency of mannose ligands and by variation of the overall backbone properties, such as hydrophilic/ hydrophoboc. In addition, binding kinetics were studied using different conformations of Con A (homodimer vs.-tetramer) and thus a different protein valency. Our results show that precision glycomacromolecule/Con A binding proceeds non-cooperatively. Further, association and dissociation rates are mainly described by intermolecular complex formation. Together with the so-called functional valency, we can discriminate between " bound " and " unbound " states for macroscopic on-and off-rates, even for such complex glycooligomer/protein systems. By comparing e.g. a mono-to a divalent glycomacromolecule for their binding to dimeric Con A, we see a lower dissociation rate for the latter. As both bind monovalently to Con A, this is a strong indication for a statistical rebinding event. Further, there is a strong dependence of multivalent binding kinetics on the ligand density of glycomacromolecules as well as the Con A conformation and thus the overall on-and off-rates.