Mannose-Functionalized Hyperbranched Polyglycerol Loaded with Zinc-Porphyrin: Investigation of the Multivalency Effect in Antibacterial Photodynamic Therapy

M.H. Staegemann, B. Gitter, J. Dernedde, C. Kuehne, R. Haag, A. Wiehe – 2017

The antibacterial photodynamic activity of hyperbranched polyglycerol (hPG) loaded with zinc porphyrin photosensitizers and mannose units was investigated. hPG, with a MW of 19.5 kDa, was functionalized with about 15 molecules of the photosensitizer {5,10,15-tris(3-hydroxyphenyl)-20-[4-(prop-2-yn-1-ylamino)tetrafluorophenyl]porphyrinato}-zinc(II) by using copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (CuAAC). These nanoparticle conjugates were functionalized systematically with increasing loadings of mannose in the range of approximately 20 to 110 groups. With higher mannose loadings (ca. 58–110 groups) the water-insoluble zinc porphyrin photosensitizer could thus be transferred into a water-soluble form. Targeting of the conjugates was proven in binding studies to the mannose-specific lectin concanavalin A (Con A) by using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The antibacterial phototoxicity of the conjugates on Staphylococcus aureus (as a typical Gram-positive germ) was investigated in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). It was shown that conjugates with approximately 70–110 mannose units exhibit significant antibacterial activity, whereas conjugates with approximately 20–60 units did not induce bacterial killing at all. These results give an insight into the multivalency effect in combination with photodynamic therapy (PDT). On addition of serum to the bacterial cultures, a quenching of this antibacterial phototoxicity was observed. In fluorescence studies with the conjugates in the presence of increasing bovine serum albumin (BSA) concentrations, protein-conjugate associations could be identified as a plausible cause for this quenching.

Titel
Mannose-Functionalized Hyperbranched Polyglycerol Loaded with Zinc-Porphyrin: Investigation of the Multivalency Effect in Antibacterial Photodynamic Therapy
Verfasser
M.H. Staegemann, B. Gitter, J. Dernedde, C. Kuehne, R. Haag, A. Wiehe
Datum
2017
Kennung
10.1002/chem.201605236
Zitierweise
Chem. Eur. J., 2017, 23, 3918-3930
Art
Text
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