Chemoselective Wittig and Michael ligations of unprotected peptidyl phosphoranes in water furnish potent inhibitors of caspase-3
K. Holland-Nell, M. I. Fernández-Bachiller, Ahsanullah, J. Rademann – 2014
Unprotected peptidyl phosphoranes 1 with sequence Ac-l-aspartyl-l-glutamyl-l-valinyl-l-aspartyl are released from polymer support and react with aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes in aqueous medium in a Wittig ligation. Obtained vinyl ketones 6–12 are potent inhibitors of caspase-3. Vinyl ketone 6, derived from formaldehyde, undergoes Michael ligations with thiol nucleophiles furnishing products 14–16, also in aqueous medium. The demonstrated ligation reactions enable the modification of complex functionalized peptides in water providing bioactive protein ligands without side-chain protection.